Once you are done with outlining your subject, add shading with hatches, cross-hatches, strokes. These techniques are easy to learn and come better with practice.
Shading is the technique which puts life to the sketch; it creates the impression of form, depth and space. Using different tones of shading, it is very easy to achieve the illusion of lights in a drawing, which is most important for a realistic drawing.
Professional artists can create or replicate the exact image using shading, it helps them make a drawing appear three-dimensional with volume and create a magnificent drawing.
There are basically 5 essential components for Shading:
- Highlight: Where the light hits the object; it will be the white of the paper
- Shade: The value or tone on the object. Light tone -the second lightest value on a form; Half tone – tone or value halfway between a light tone and a dark or base tone; Base tone -the darkest value on a form; usually the core of the shadow
- Shadow: Cast shadow -a shadow that is cast or thrown by an object or form onto an adjacent or nearby plane; darker than core or form shadows; usually created by something blocking the light source. It has a sharp or more definite edge to it. It’s important to remember that a cast shadow isn’t a solid thing that is the same throughout: the further a cast shadow is from the object that’s creating it, the lighter it gets and the softer or less defined its edge becomes.
- Reflected Light: Light that bounces up from surrounding surfaces onto the object in areas that are part of the core shadow
- Back Shading: Background shading behind the subject. Provides contrasting value to create depth.
The techniques for shading vary differently. While the basic components as mentioned above remain same for any type of shading techniques, it varies only on the type of texture and the soul of drawing. Most of the time, artists use mixture of shading techniques to make the drawing appealing and lively. However, one shading technique with fixed texture is also used by many artists and that makes the drawing unique in certain way.
Here we have some of the most common techniques.
Hatching: In this technique hatches are put using lines lines/curves drawn in the same direction. The hatches where lines/curves are drawn closer give darker tone, while lighter tones are created by drawing the lines/curves apart. For curved objects, curves which follows the contour of the object can be used.
Cross Hatching: In this technique lines cross over each other. And the density at which the lines cross over each other determines the tone that is produced.
Blending: Smooth gradients of tone are produced either by adjusting the amount of pressure applied to the medium or by using a blending tool, such a blending stump.
Random lines Hatching: Scribbled curves or loose crossing lines are used as hatches for drawing. The occurrence in which the lines cross over each determines the tones produced.
Stippling Hatching: Applying countless small dots to build up darker values in a drawing. The density of the dots determines the tones produced. This is best used for realistic face drawing.
Rendering: Rending is very useful technique in shading. It is used to create light tones using an eraser to remove the medium to produce lighter tones. This technique is typically used in conjunction with blending. And there is more to rendering.
|HATCHING AND CROSS-HATCHING – SIMPLE AND BEST SHADING TECHNIQUE|