The pencil. It’s humble, it’s common, and it’s waiting for you to do amazing things with it. Once you are done, you’ll want just three things: a pencil, a sharpener, and paper.
How to hold a Pencil
It will take quite a while for to understand the importance of drawing with different grips. But once you start holding the pencil in different positions, sketching will greatly improved.
It’s no secret that the way in which you hold your drawing pencil will affect the marks that you make on the drawing surface. By holding the pencil the same way – all of the time – in all of your drawings – you are limiting what is possible as far as mark-making goes.
By holding the pencil in different ways, we can instantly create variety in our drawings. Beyond this however, expanding the possibles of how the pencil is held will lead to new ways of making marks, expanding our drawing possibilities.
Take your time to understand the difference in sketching with different holding position and make it as a practice.
Practice the scribble types of strokes below on paper. Don’t just look at them. A picture is worth a thousand words, but YOU need to draw a few pictures to get good at drawing. SO DRAW DRAW DRAW! SCRIBBLE SCRIBBLE SCRIBBLE>
Keep scribbling circles for free hand drawing. This is the best exercise, whenever you feel out of curves, just scribble the circle free hand. It does not have to be perfect circle when you begin.
Draw basic shapes
Having a good understanding of geometric-shapes and forms and observing them in what you are trying to draw, helps your understanding of the structure of what you are observing. You can find these basic shapes in most everything you will be draw from observation, weather a mechanical object or organic object in nature. Simple examples of this are trees. We can easily see the relationship of these basic geometric forms in the mass of the leaves on trees, shaped like spheres, cones or cubes.
Start by drawing the three basic shapes, circle, triangle, and square all the same size, freehand, don’t be afraid to constantly correct the drawing as needed to perfect the shapes (no rulers). Along side of the basic shapes, draw the 3D equivalents, a sphere, cone, and cube. Pretend there is a single light source in the 10:00 o’clock position above them. Imagine how the objects would be lit and where the shadow on the forms would be and how the cast shadow would fall and what the cast shadows shape would look like. Next to the three-dimensional forms draw a variation of the cone, which would be a cylinder, and a variation next to the cube, a pyramid. Now draw in the light and shadow sides of the forms, and the shadow that is casts form the form (Cast Shadow) from these objects. See sample drawing exercise below.
This exercise is designed to make you use only your minds-eye to create these objects and the lighting affect.